nandi's blog

The Smallest Dinosaur on the Planet Discovered

Friday, January 31, 2020

At the word “dinosaur” we most often imagine a huge formidable predator with a full mouth of razor-sharp teeth. Be that as it may, according to an article published on, we can be very mistaken about the appearance of some representatives of the ancient fauna. So, one of such examples of the amazing effect of evolution perfectly adapted to modern climatic conditions, acquired a bright color and plumage, while acquiring five centimeter dimensions. In other words, the smallest dinosaur in the world is a hummingbird!

Smallest dinosaur

Birds – one of the lines of dinosaurs, which accidentally survived to the present. It is believed that the smallest bird on the planet is a bee hummingbird (Mellisuga helenae), which lives in Cuba. According to the National Audubon Society, these tiny birds are just over 5 centimeters long and weighing less than two grams and are often mistaken for bees.

A possible ancestor of modern hummingbirds may be the 70-centimeter dinosaur Mahakala omnogovae, whose skeleton was found in 2007 in the Mongolian Gobi desert. It is known that the dinosaur lived in the Cretaceous period about 80 million years ago, and its size could only compete with the herbivorous Micropachycephalosaurus, which also had a similar length.

One of the smallest dinosaurs that ever inhabited the planet is the so-called Yi Qi, a feathered dinosaur from China with webbed wings that look like bat wings. The miniature creature weighed only about 380 grams and was the closest relative of the even smaller dinosaur Ambopteryx longibrachium. By the way, this species also lived in China and had about 32 centimeters in length and weight about 306 grams.

Ambopteryx longibrachium. Image credit: Chung-Tat Cheung & Min Wang / Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Sometimes the small size of the fossils can lead scientists astray. So, when paleontologist discovered the bones of a tiny dinosaur in the 1970s, the find prompted researchers to call the fossil animal “muszavr” or “mouse lizard”. However, scientists were much surprised when, after a while, giant versions of this dinosaur were found! Thus, paleontologist were much surprised when they first discovered the fossils of a Muszavr cub, whose adult weight could reach 113 kilograms.

Another type of tiny dinosaur showed its existence more in the footsteps than in the fossils. In 2018, an international team of researchers discovered tiny dinosaur footprints in the South Korean province of Jingju dating back 110 million years; each track was only 1 centimeter long, which hinted at the extremely small sizes of the dinosaurs that left them – no more than a modern sparrow. However, it still remains unknown whether the mini-dinosaurs found were mature individuals or were the cubs of some still undiscovered species of ancient predators.


Move Over T-Rex: Newly-Identified First King of the Dinosaurs Announced

Friday, January 31, 2020

King Allosaurus by PaleoGuy on DevianArt

Thanks to films about the king of the dinosaurs like “Jurassic Park and its endless sequels, the Tyrannosaurus rex just might be the most famous, and feared, dinosaur that ever roamed the earth.  Now, however, there just may be a new contender to T. rex’s title of undisputed king of the dinosaurs, or at least the first king until T. rex came along.

Scientists in Utah recently reassembled bones from museums around the globe, and have discovered a brand new species, one that is related to T. rex but lived earlier, roaming all over North America. A team that has been studying these bones have named the new species, Allosaurus Jimmadseni, for the late, Utah state paleontologist Jim Madsen, Jr. Their findings were published in Peer J, an online scholarly journal.

This creature, the team reports, weighed in at about 4,000 pounds, and grew to almost 30 feet in length, from the tip of its head to the tip of its tail. It stood on two, three-toed feet, had 80 serrated teeth with which to capture and shred its prey, and also had long, curved claws to help it hunt.

Scientists have debated for years what specimens should go into the category of Allosaurus, which refers to dinosaurs that stood on two legs, had large bodies and were carnivores. Now the A. Jimmadseni has been declared the oldest in the genus, dating back 145 million years to 200 million years, long before the T. rex appeared. To make sure that they’d actually found a new species, the team analyzed more than 20,000 Allosaurus bones, gathered from all around the world.

This included a particularly famous one nicknamed “Big Al”, which is housed at the Museum of the Rockies in Montana. Originally identified as A. fragilis, Big Al, as well as a second Allosaurus called “Big Al Two,” have now been re-designated as A. jimmadseni.

A. Fragilis dinosaur. Photo by Fred Wierum CC by 4.0

Everybody knows Allosaurus, or thinks they know Allosaurus,” says Steve Brusatte, a paleontologist at the University of Edinburgh. “But here we are, nearly 150 years after the first Allosaurus bones were found, and after dozens and dozens of skeletons have been collected, and it turns out there is another species…. There are many more dinosaurs out there to find.”

Some scientists argue that more than 10 species belong in the Allosaurus category, but for the new study, only two were recognized: Jimmadseni and one that came about five million years later, called A. Fragilis, also a predator of extreme skill. The co-authors of the study are Mark Loewen, a paleontologist with the Natural History Museum of Utah, and Daniel Chure, a paleontologist with the Dinosaur National Monument, also in Utah. Their work is the culmination of about 30 years of work on the Allosaurus genus.

The team put together the bones into two, almost complete specimens, now on display at the Natural History Museum in Utah. Loewen explained in a statement to the media that A. Jimmadseni was lost, in evolutionary terms, likely because it had a skull with weaknesses that left it vulnerable. When A. Fragilis came on the scene, it was better able to out-hunt its chief rival, and left Jimmadseni to go extinct.

A size comparison of various specimens of the theropod dinosaur genus Allosaurus. Photo credit: Steveoc 86

“It shows that the Allosaurus changed over time,” Loewen explained in the statement. “It (Fragilis) out-competed Jimmadseni. It was a better hunter.” During their respective periods, however, both dinosaurs were excellent predators that were at the top of the food chain in their ecosystems.

Now that the Allosaurus genus has a new, formally-named member, one has to wonder why Hollywood didn’t use the right time period for its monster movie.  Is it because “Cretaceous Park” just doesn’t have the same ring to it that “Jurassic Park” has?

Who knows what goes on in the minds of movie makers, but one thing’s for sure: there’s no excuse anymore for leaving out Jimmadseni, should the franchise pick up and decide to make a new dinosaur film for a whole, new audience. Jimmadseni just might give T. rex a run for its money as the new cinematic king of the dinosaurs.


New Predatory Dinosaur Added to Australia's Prehistory

Friday, January 31, 2020

The Lightning Ridge noasaurid bone in approximate life position, with a human for scale. Credit: Tom Brougham

Evidence of agile, carnivorous two-legged dinosaurs known as noasaurids have been found across the now dispersed land masses that once formed the ancient southern supercontinent of Gondwana, but never in Australia—until now.

Researchers identified a single neck bone found in an opal mine near the outback town of Lightning Ridge, New South Wales, as belonging to a noasaurid, and then realised that another fossil discovered in 2012 along the south coast of Victoria was from the same group.

Noasaurid are a rare group of theropod dinosaurs—two legged carnivores—that lived in the middle to late Cretaceous Period, between about 120 and 66 million years ago. Noasaurids were small-bodied dinosaurs, many with peculiar facial features, typically less than two metres long and weighing about 20 kilograms.

The recognition of this new group of dinosaurs in Australia by palaeontologists from the Palaeoscience Research Centre at the University of New England and the Australian Opal Centre in Lightning Ridge adds a missing piece to a puzzle.

"It was assumed that noasaurids must have lived in Australia because their fossils have been found on other southern continents that, like Australia, were once part of the Gondwanan supercontinent," said lead scientist, Dr. Tom Brougham of the Palaeoscience Research Centre. "These recent fossil finds demonstrate for the first time that noasaurids once roamed across Australia. Discoveries of theropods are rare in Australia, so every little find we make reveals important details about our unique dinosaur fauna."

The researchers compared the 100 million-year-old Lightning Ridge neck bone with those from other carnivorous dinosaurs and quickly realised it was different from anything that had been found in Australia to date. "When we looked at what features this bone has compared to those of other theropods, we found that it matched closely with this strange group of dinosaurs called noasaurids," Dr. Brougham said.

"This prompted us to re-examine an ankle bone of a dinosaur that was discovered in Victoria in 2012, about 20 million years older than the Lightning Ridge bone, and using the same methods we concluded that this also belonged to a noasaurid. In addition, this ankle bone is approximately the same age, or perhaps even older, than the oldest known noasaurids, which come from South America."

Noasaurids were similar in size to, and lived at the same time as, a more well-known group of carnivorous dinosaurs called dromaeosaurids or 'raptors'—infamously represented by Velociraptor in Jurassic Park—and were probably also active predators. However, while Velociraptor and kin have representatives from all over the world, noasaurids were known only from several of the southern continents (South America, Africa, Madagascar and India), which formed the supercontinent of Gondwana before it started breaking apart in the Cretaceous.

The study was published in the journal Scientific Reports.

More information: Scientific Reports (2020).

Provided by University of New England


5 Best Dinosaur Games 2020

Tuesday, February 4, 2020

Yes, you read that correctly. Today, we’re going to be taking a look at all the best dinosaur games out there. Now, while you think there wouldn’t be many, this list does include some must-play games for you to check out. 

We’ve rounded up some of the best dinosaur games from a number of different genres and platforms. If you’re looking for something new to play and love dinosaurs… you really have no excuse for not checking these titles out!

1. ARK: Survival Evolved

Release Date: August 27, 2017

Genre: Action-adventure survival video game

Developer: Studio Wildcard

Publisher: Studio Wildcard

If you are a fan of survival games then it’s definitely worth giving ARK: Survival Evolved a look. Once you spawn into the world, you’ll have to start from scratch in an environment filled to the brim with dangerous dinosaurs. 


This game has quite an interesting progression curve as well. The further you progress will see you learn how to tame these dangerous beasts and in some cases, create mounts to ride them!

If you’ve ever wanted to live in your own little dinosaur paradise then this is a great way to pass the time. You can enjoy the experience with a group of friends if you need a bit of friendly company in this hostile environment.

2. Jurassic World Evolution

Release Date: 12 June 2018

Genre: Business simulation

Developer: Frontier Developments

Publisher: Frontier Developments

While we were very tempted to fill this slot with Zoo Tycoon: Dinosaur Digs, this is only an expansion pack for an existing non-dinosaur game. We went for a more recent dinosaur business simulator instead in the form of Jurassic World Evolution


This game tasks the player with the challenge of doing something the Jurassic Park movies couldn’t – creating a dinosaur theme park that doesn’t fall to pieces on the first day! You have full control over how to build your park, the direction your research will take and even the ability to mess with the dinosaur DNA to make your exhibits even more terrifying!

If you’re a fan of park building games then this is an interesting spin on the existing formula. 

3. Lego Jurassic World

Release Date: 12 June 2015

Genre: Action-adventure

Developer: TT Fusion

Publisher: Warner Bros. Interactive Entertainment

There seems to be a Lego game for almost everything these days, we’ve had Lego Star Wars, Lego Lord of the Rings, Lego Marvel but more importantly for this list, we have Lego Jurassic World


For anybody that has played a Lego game in the past, they’ll feel right at home here. This title follows the story of the original Jurassic Park trilogy along with the first Jurassic World movie (and yes, you’ll be able to interact with a Lego Jeff Goldblum in this game don’t worry!).

These games are great when played with friends. Lego games have some of the most enjoyable co-op available. You’ll be able to play as some of your favorite characters in the Jurassic Park universe alongside a huge number of Lego dinosaurs as well.

4. Turok: Dinosaur Hunter

Release Date: March 4, 1997

Genre: First-person shooter

Developer: Iguana Entertainment

Publisher: Acclaim Entertainment

Originally a title for the Nintendo 64, Turok: Dinosaur Hunter has recently made its way to the Nintendo Switch with a pretty faithful port of the original. Players will have to explore a world filled with traps, puzzles, deadly weapons and, of course, dinosaurs. 

With mechanics similar to the Quake-style of games, the action in Turok is often frantic and fast-paced. If you don’t move fast, you’ll soon find yourself overrun by the horde of dinosaur enemies that are aiming to destroy you. This is fast-paced action at its best and a great first-person shooter to sink your teeth into.

5. Yoshi’s Crafted World

Release Date: March 29, 2019

Genre: Platform, side-scrolling

Developer: Good-Feel

Publisher: Nintendo

While this may be a bit of a stretch, everybody’s favorite dinosaur is Yoshi, right? It’s only fair that he gets a spot on the list. While we could have gone for Yoshi’s more famous outing in Super Mario World 2: Yoshi’s Island, Yoshi’s Crafted World is a lot more accessible to find these days.

Yoshi’s Crafted World has a beautiful cardboard aesthetic that makes each environment you play in look both stunning and unique. There are lots of activities to do in the world, you can pass your time exploring, gathering collectibles and completing the stages of the main quest.

Final Word

Well there you have it, we’ve managed to come up with what we think is a quite diverse dinosaur-related list. If you are a fan of dinosaurs and video games in general then some of these will be great additions to your game library. 

Have we missed a title that would fall on your best dinosaur games list? If so, be sure to let us know in the comments section below. We love hearing your thoughts, especially when it comes to niche gaming areas.


Sharks in Kentucky? What Explorers Found in Mammoth Cave is Blowing Researchers' Minds

Thursday, January 30, 2020

During a trip to Mammoth Cave National Park in November, paleontologist John-Paul Hodnett was stunned.

Preserved in the walls of the cave were parts of a large, fossilized shark head — from a shark that lived about 330 million years ago. 

The discovery began when Mammoth Cave specialists Rick Olson and Rick Toomey came across the fossils as they explored and mapped the cave system. They sent photos to Vincent Santucci, the senior paleontologist for the National Park Service in Washington, D.C., for help identifying the fossils. 

Santucci then sent Hodnett, a paleontologist and program coordinator at Dinosaur Park in Maryland, to help with what became the "Mammoth Cave National Park Fossil Shark Research Project."

Some of the shark fossils in the photos were identifiable, but Hodnett said what got him really excited was something else.

"One set of photos showed a number of shark teeth associated with large sections of fossilized cartilage, suggesting there might be a shark skeleton preserved in the cave," he said. 

Researchers discovered fossilized remains of a 330-million-year-old shark in Mammoth Cave. (Photo: Provided by Matt Cecil)

Fossils of shark skeletons are rare because cartilage does not typically survive fossilization. Shark teeth, however, are made of bone and enamel and preserve well. Since sharks replace their teeth throughout their lives, shark teeth are one of the most common fossils on the planet, Hodnett said.

"I wasn't exactly sure what I was going to see in the cave during my trip in November," Hodnett said. "When we got to our target specimen my mind was blown."

The fossils weren't parts to a full skeleton, but parts of a head that belonged to a shark, about the size of a Great White Shark, which ranges in length from 11 feet to 21 feet.

Based on what was exposed in the cave wall, Hodnett said the find includes a lower jaw, skull cartilage and several teeth. Hodnett determined the shark belonged to a species called "Saivodus striatus" from the Late Mississippian period, about 330 to 340 million years ago. 

Hodnett said the time period is not well-represented in North America but is well-known in Europe.

"Most significantly, the majority of the shark fossils we discovered come from a layer of rock that extends from Missouri to Virginia but never documented the presence of sharks, until now," he said. "It's like finding a missing puzzle piece to a very big picture."

Thanks to the slow erosion of the limestone in the cave, the shark teeth are mostly intact and extremely detailed.

The back of the lower jaw of the Saivodus shark starts by the hand, and the front edge of the jaw sticks out at the opposite end. (Photo: Provided by John-Paul Hodnett)

More than 100 individual specimens have been discovered during the project. Hodnett said teeth and dorsal fins of other shark species are also exposed in the cave ceiling and walls. 

"We've just scratched the surface," Hodnett said. "But already it's showing that Mammoth Cave has a rich fossil shark record."

Because the National Park Service has experienced fossil theft and vandalism in the past, it does not release information about the specific location of fossils found in its parks.

"We want the public to benefit from the scientific information, but at the same time we have a duty to protect these non-renewable resources," Santucci said.

Hodnett said the team is working on presenting a preliminary account of the project in October at the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology meeting in Cincinnati.


When Did Dinosaurs Evolve in North America, When the Fossil Record Is Not Even Definite?

Tuesday, January 28, 2020

Collage: Jose-Luis Olivares/MIT (original background photograph courtesy of Malka Machlus from Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University)

Dinosaurs are accepted to be dominant in the Jurassic and Cretaceous periods, ruled the earth for 135 million years. Many fossils were found that point to many habitats with them existing there. But, one conundrum makes it mysterious, that is when did the first dinosaur exist in the geological period. There is all this information but no definite answers, when did dinosaurs come to be in North America?

Based on fossils found in Argentina, a good estimate when they came to be in the Late Triassic (230 million years ago MYA). It was when Pangaea the supercontinent existed, another school of thought is that fossils North America were until 212 (million years ago MYA) and later in South America. Other ideas are a vast desert that prevented migration across the continent.

Scientists at MIT are no satisfied and have arguments about the subject. Here are some of the ideas that do not connect, based on current ideas of their actual beginning.

 a. Some problems like non-dinosaur relatives were living with proto-dinosaurs. It gets more unclear when more advance dinosaurs are living at the same time 12 million years too.

 b. There is a 16-million-year gap with no living vertebrate fossils found. It might have been pieces of rocks from that period which eroded from then on?

 c. This gap is weird because it should have fossils in there and theories point to South America. From there, they just spread all over the globe, but it seems implausible.

To date, early saurian evolution is best seen in Argentina, with very distinct layers as the dinosaur species evolved and with fossils as evidence. Late Triassic, after the Jurassic, is where proto-dinosaurs began turning to what became "dinosaurs". After this period, the dinosaurs were evolved and became the creatures that ruled the earth. At this point, fossil records were stratified and clear, some overlapping evolutionary processes but still regular.

When the fossil records in North America, it is not clear at all. Triassic fossils are plentiful in the layers of rock, it is the Chinle Formation specifically. This is of particular interest because of these places like Arizona, New Mexico, Utah, Colorado, and the Petrified Forest National Park where most fossils are found. These areas have been dated, the first discoveries are in Mexico, which is as old as 212 million years ago.

One way to confirm the age of the formations where fossils are found, especially the Chinle Formation and taking sample sediments from it. Crushing the rocks to find zircon, which has uranium-containing minerals that form before volcanic activity. This method will measure, the zircon based on uranium, to lead isotopes and see how old the zircon is. Another reason this is done is the spot where it originated in the bedrock. Another wrinkle to add is the Blue Mesa locality of the Petrified Forest National Park which has a lot of late Triassic rocks. One of the oldest strata that are found to have dinosaur fossils.

Analyzing the zircons will map the ages of sedimentary rock, that delineate the Chinle Formation. Based on the dating method, Arizona fossil is older than those in New Mexico by 223 million years ago (MYA). Both evolved, and proto-dinosaur were extant at the same time.

 A gap presented by the Chinle Formation is the problem and cannot reconcile the 16-million-year gap when dinosaurs evolved in North America. From co-habiting in a simultaneous time frame that needs more information, the solution is yet to be thought of.


FUNKO Launches Funkoverse: Jurassic Park Strategy Game After London Toy Fair Debut

Tuesday, January 28, 2020

Funko is expanding the Funkoverse universe with the launch of new Jurassic Park board games.

Following the successful release of Funko’s new product offering, the line of Funkoverse board games, the leader in collectible merch has released new additions to the world of Funkoverse.

Funko has unveiled the new Funko Pop! Funkoverse: Jurassic Park Strategy Game, along with a standalone Funko Pop! Funkoverse: Jurassic Park Expandalone that are both slated for release on March 4.

The Funkoverse: Jurassic Park Strategy Game will retail at $39.99, while the Funkoverse: Jurassic Park Expandalone is priced at $24.99.

Customers can now pre-order them at major retail outlets like following their debut at the London Toy Fair this 2020.

The Funko Pop! Funkoverse: Jurassic Park Strategy Game lets players battle against friends as they control characters from the blockbuster film franchise Jurassic Park. The board comes with two playable maps that users can play as a standalone game or as an addition to other Funkoverse games. This set includes 4 Characters: Doctor Grant, Ellie Satler, John Ray Arnold, and Velociraptor. There are also 4 Character Bases, 4 Character Cards, 2 Basic Characters, 2 Basic Character Cards, 2 Double-Sided Scenario Cards, 2 Item Cards, 2 Status Cards, 2 Cooldown Tracks, 1 Double-Sided Map, 12 Game Tokens, 15 Game Markers, 6 Dice, 21 Points, 1 First Player Marker and Instructions.

Meanwhile, the Funko Pop! Funkoverse: Jurassic Park Expandalone comes with Dr. Ian Malcolm and T-Rex, along with 2 Characters, 2 Character Bases, 2 Character Cards, 2 Basic Characters, 2 Basic Character Cards, 2 Double-Sided Scenario Cards, 1 Item Card, 3 Status Cards, 2 Cooldown Tracks, 1 Double-Sided Map, 6 Game Tokens, 13 Game Markers, 6 Dice, 11 Points, 1 First Player Marker and Instructions.

The Jurassic Park Expandalone Funkoverse board games is pretty much the smaller version of the Jurassic Park Strategy Game.

They are the perfect gifts for any Jurassic Park fan.

Pre-order them now on before other Jurassic Park fans find out about them.

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Top 10 Jurassic Park Gifts Fans Actually Want

Tuesday, January 28, 2020

Summary List

Jurassic Parklater known as Jurassic World is a timeless series of action and adventure that started with a book by the same name. Michael Crichton wrote a scientific thriller that eventually leads to Steven Spielberg himself directing the 1993 classic. With 5 movies and a multitude of other media from games to books, Jurassic Park isn't slowing down. With the originals holding up due to their acting and impressive use of CGI and puppets/animatronics, this series has cemented itself as perfect couch movies for any age.

With that in mind, we thought it would be fun to showcase the cool collectibles and merch that Jurassic Park has amassed over the years!

1. Jurassic World Super Colossal Velociraptor Blue

Jurassic World's iconic Velociraptor, Blue, returns. 

But don't worry, he's on our side! At over 18 inches high and 3 1/2 feet long, this Jurassic World Super Colossal Velociraptor looms over the other dinosaurs.

With super-realistic skin and his iconic blue stripe, this velociraptor tears down the other dinosaurs with biting and scratching motions. With a multitude of articulations, swing and fight with deadly accuracy. Open up his jaw to eat up to 20 mini action figure dinosaurs whole, showing who the true apex predator is.

2. LEGO Jurassic World Blue’s Helicopter Pursuit 75928 Building Kit

With a multitude of adventures to be had, follow the cast of Jurassic World as they take on a world full of dinosaurs.

Owen and Wheatley pursue Blue, trying to track him down. With the help of a pilot, get the higher ground and try to keep Blue, the Velociraptor, safe but returned home!

With rotating helicopter blades and a stud capture gun, take to the skies! With almost 400 pieces and 5 minifigs (including Blue), mark your own dinosaur adventure!

3. Jurassic Park Vintage Logo Snapback Hat With Pre-Curved Bill

Represent the coolest dinosaur franchise around with this Jurassic Park Vintage Logo Snapback Hat with Pre-curved Bill.

This officially licensed product is perfect for fans of comfort and style, with the iconic Jurassic Park logo and a slightly weathered look to the hat. Block out the sun and the impending doom of a dinosaur takeover with this wool snapback. One size fits most, so be comfy no matter what - make sure to hand wash this T-rex emblazoned apparel.

4. Megaraptor Dinosaur Life Size Extra Large Claw Fossil Replica

Be a true Paleontologist with this Megaraptor Dinosaur Life Size Extra Large Claw Fossil Replica. This fossil replica was made by Grant Field Specimens and is of the Megaraptor family, aka megaraptor namunhuaquii. These large creatures were found in the Late Cretaceous period, long before humans.

This claw is an actual cast of a real Megaraptor claw, found in Patagonia Argentina at the Rio Nequen Formation. Wow your friends with this super-realistic cast, with exquisite detail in every corner.

5. Jurassic Park Mug 25th Anniversary Raptor Egg Molded Ceramic Coffee Cup

Although very valuable, there's no use in taking Raptor eggs from the Parks. These smart creatures will track you down in no time!

Instead, let's stick with a cool Raptor Egg Molded Ceramic Coffee Cup. With a 10 oz capacity, drink your favorite beverage with the joy of knowing this mug is cooler than your friends' mugs.

Marking the 25 anniversary of the series, this mug also has the iconic logo and font cast across it.

6. Jurassic Park: A Novel

What better way to commemorate the series than with the origin? Jurassic Park is a novel by Michael Crichton.

Follow paleontologist Alan Grant and paleobotanist Ellie Sattler as they travel to a mysterious island off of the coast of Costa Rica. What follows is a wild ride of dino-DNA and humans dabbling in something far bigger than them.

Fans old and new will enjoy the written form of this stellar series, with a few twists not seen in the movie to keep the experience fresh.

7. Ellusionist Jurassic Park Playing Card Deck

Ellusionist is known for their intricate yet subtle playing cards. With a smoothness perfect for regular play and magicians alike, this B9 card stock is elegant and durable.

Ellusionist made sure to work with Universal Studios to create a gorgeous design for the cards, featuring the Park itself as the major theme. With an archaic feel, these cards won our hearts with the dinosaur bone print and rustic colors that perfectly matched the movie series.

8. Jurassic Park Looksee Gift Box

Not sure what to get your dino-loving friend? Or perhaps you're looking for something unique for yourself. You've come to the right place! This Jurassic Park Loksee Gift Box features 5 Official Jurassic Park-themed items for fans of all ages.

First up is the tin itself! This square tin is 7.75 inches and bears the ever-loved Jurassic Park logo. Also included is infamous barbasol can, now in tin form to store your valuables! Also included is a unique Japanese Jurassic Park mini-mug, along with a cool Park-themed ticket magnet. There are so many cool gifts in one package, with even a dino fossil coaster to boot!

9. Jurassic Park 25th Anniversary Collection 4K Blu-Ray

Celebrate 25 Years of Dino adventures with this Jurassic Park 25th Anniversary Collection in 4K Blu-ray.

Start from the beginning with Jurassic Park, where we first meet the DNA of Dinos being brought back to life at Jurassic Park itself. From the tiniest of dinos to the gigantic T-Rex, plight through this fun thriller in all of its 4K glory.

Pick up the following three adventures over the next 25 years, including The Lost World, Jurassic Park 3, and Jurassic World.

10. Jurassic Park Classic Logo T Rex Kids Youth Pullover Hoodie & Stickers

Survive the colds of winter in style with this Jurassic Park Classic Logo T Rex Youth Pullover Hoodie. Featuring one of the most memorable logos to date, wear it knowing you can watch these cool movies without having to ever face dinos in real life!

With a comfy blend of Cotton and Polyester, your teen/kid will be the coolest kid around.

Also included are two stickers including the Jurassic Park logo alongside a threatening T-Rex, about to chomp your hands off!

We hope you like the items we recommend! PW has affiliate partnerships, so we receive a share of the revenue from your purchase. This won’t affect the price you pay and helps us offer the best product recommendations.


Colin Trevorrow has a Name in Mind for Jurassic World 3, but it isn't Extinction

Tuesday, January 28, 2020

Colin Trevorrow might be getting a lot of buzz right now for his version of Star Wars: Episode IX that we'll never get to see, but the writer/director is, in fact, working on closing out a trilogy of his own in the Jurassic World franchise. The final movie of the second Jurassic Park trilogy is currently in production and while there's a lot likely still to be determined, it seems the movie that we're calling Jurassic World 3 for simplicity's sake does have an official title. Colin Trevorrow isn't telling us what it is, but he is telling us what it isn't.

A thread on Twitter recently started to spitball ideas on what Jurassic World 3 might be called and director Colin Trevorrow has been lurking in the thread to see what fans are coming up with, and while he's not giving away the title that he's come up with, he has but some fans at ease by confirming the movie won't be called Jurassic World: Extinction.

It's certainly true that Extinction feels like a title that is so obvious that it should be avoided. It's quite possible that, by the end of Jurassic World 3, all the dinosaurs will be gone once again, and will therefore return to being "extinct." Of course, the title could also tease the possibility that it will, in fact, be the human race that will be extinct by the time the movie is over, giving the title a sort of double meaning. It feels exactly like the move that Hollywood would make, which makes it much less interesting.

Colin Trevorrow confirms to us all that the movie isn't called that. However, he also confirms to another fan that the movie does have a title. Whether he's had it from the beginning or only recently locked it in, there is a title for the film.

Jurassic World 3 is still over a year away, set to release in June of 2021, which means promotion for the movie isn't likely to really get rolling until late this year. It's possible we could get a title reveal with a poster or something similar before the first trailer release, but if we don't see a trailer until this fall it's possible we won't know what the mysterious title is until then.

Of course, even once we know the title, it doesn't mean we'll know too much about the movie. Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom didn't exactly explain its plot with its title, so we shouldn't expect that to happen here. Having said that, we do know what Jurassic World 3 will be about ultimately, as it will see dinosaurs roaming freely in the human world, and show how humanity is dealing with the new threat.

What do you think Jurassic World 3 will be called? Let us know in the comments.


A Squid Fossil Offers a Rare Record of Pterosaur Feeding Behavior

Tuesday, January 28, 2020

A Rhamphorhynchus pterosaur tries and fails to snatch a Plesioteuthis squid from the surface of the ocean in this artist's impression.  CHRISTIAN KLUG

A tooth embedded in a squid fossil tells a story of a battle at sea with the flying reptile.

A fossil of a squid with a pterosaur tooth embedded in it offers extraordinary evidence of a 150-million-year-old battle at sea. While many pterosaur fossils containing fish scales and bones in their stomachs have revealed that some of these flying reptiles included fish in their diet, the new find from Germany is the first proof that pterosaurs also hunted squid.  

The fossil was excavated in 2012 in the Solnhofen Limestone, near Eichstätt in Bavaria, where many Jurassic Period fossils of pterosaurs, small dinosaurs and the earliest known bird, Archaeopteryx, have been found. The region’s environment at the time was something like the Bahamas today, with low-lying islands dotting shallow tropical seas.

The embedded tooth fits the right size and shape for the pterosaur Rhamphorhynchus, paleontologists report online January 27 in Scientific Reports. They argue that the tooth was left by a pterosaur that swooped to the ocean surface to snap up the 30-centimeter-long squid from the extinct Plesioteuthis genus, but was unsuccessful, possibly because the squid was too large or too far down in the water column for the predator to manage.

“The Plesioteuthis squid wrestled it off and escaped, breaking at least one tooth off the pterosaur, which became lodged in [the squid’s] mantle,” says Jordan Bestwick, a paleontologist at the University of Leicester in England. “This fossil is important in helping us understand the dietary range of Rhamphorhynchus, and tells us about its hunting behavior.”

This well-preserved fossil of a 30-centimeter-long Plesioteuthis squid has the tooth of a pterosaur embedded in its mantle. RENÉ HOFFMAN

The fossil itself is unique, according to pterosaur researcher Taíssa Rodrigues at the Federal University of Espírito Santo in Vitorio, Brazil, who was not involved in the study. “It is very rare to find predator-prey interactions that include pterosaurs,” she says. “In the few cases we do have, pterosaurs were the prey of large fish. So it is great to see this the other way around.”

Paleontologist Michael Habib of the University of Southern California in Los Angeles says he suspects the squid was far too large for the pterosaur to haul out of the water. “The pterosaur was lucky that the tooth broke off,” says Habib, who was not involved with the study. “A squid of that size could probably have pulled it under.”


R. Hoffman et al. Pterosaurs ate soft-bodied cephalopods (Coleoidea)Scientific Reports. Published online January 27, 2020. doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-57731-2 .