nandi's blog

Rhinos, Gomphotheres, Camels, Horses, Antelopes and Alligators Lived in Ancient ‘Texas Serengeti’

Thursday, April 18, 2019

An artist’s interpretation of ancient North American fauna. The new study revealed that elephant-like gomphotheres, rhinos, horses and antelopes with slingshot-shaped horns were among the species recovered near Beeville, Texas, by Great Depression-era fossil hunters. Image credit: Jay Matternes / Smithsonian Institution.

Dr. Steven May, a paleontology research associate at the University of Texas at Austin, has studied and identified an extensive collection of fossils from dig sites near Beeville, Texas. The results appear in the journal Palaeontologia Electronica.

Dr. May analyzed a collection of specimens unearthed by fossil hunters in Texas in the 1930s-1940s.

He found that the fauna make up a veritable ‘Texas Serengeti’ — with specimens including elephant-like gomphotheres, rhinos, alligators, antelopes, camels, 12 types of horses and several species of carnivores.

In total, the fossil trove contains nearly 4,000 specimens representing 50 animal species, all of which roamed the Texas Gulf Coast between 11 and 12 million years ago (Clarendonian age of the Miocene Epoch).

“It’s the most representative collection of life from this time period of Earth history along the Texas Coastal Plain,” Dr. May said.

“In addition to shedding light on the inhabitants of an ancient Texas ecosystem, the collection is also valuable because of its fossil firsts.”

“They include a new genus of gomphothere (an extinct relative of elephants), named Blancotherium; the oldest fossils of the American alligator; and an extinct relative of modern dogs.”

“This extensive collection of fossils is helping to fill in gaps about the state’s ancient environment,” said Dr. Matthew Brown, Director of the Vertebrate Paleontology Collections at the Jackson School Museum of Earth History.

_____

Steven R. May. 2019. The Lapara Creek Fauna: Early Clarendonian of south Texas, USA.Palaeontologia Electronica 22.1.15A: 1-129; doi: 10.26879/929

Source: www.sci-news.com

Life-Size Skeletal Replica of Japan's Largest Dinosaur Restored

Wednesday, April 17, 2019

The plant-eating Hadrosaurid, dubbed “Mukawaryu”

What is believed to be Japan’s largest fossilized dinosaur skeleton has been restored as a life-size replica, researchers and officials from the town of Mukawa, in Hokkaido, where the original discovery was made.

The replica of the 8-meter-long and 4-meter-tall plant-eating Hadrosaurid, dubbed “Mukawaryu,” was created with duplicates of the actual fossils unearthed from a 72 million-year-old geological layer. The replica and the fossils will be displayed at the National Museum of Nature and Science in Tokyo for three months from July 13.

“A standing Mukawaryu has been resurrected after 72 million years. I hope it will help liven up our town,” Mukawa Mayor Yoshiyuki Takenaka said.

The excavation involving Hokkaido University members began in 2013 after local fossil collector Yoshiyuki Horita found a fossilized tail bone in 2003 in the Hobetsu district of Mukawa. More than 1,000 fossil bones were eventually unearthed, making it the largest complete dinosaur skeleton ever found in the country.

Complete skeletons are generally defined as containing more than 50 percent of the bones, but for the Mukawaryu, over 80 percent were unearthed as fossils.

The work to create the replica of the duck-billed dinosaur began in July 2017 and was completed last month. The replica, unveiled to the media, has a color close to the actual fossils and is positioned as if the reptile is looking into the far distance.

“I hope people will immerse themselves in the fascination of ancient history by imagining Mukawaryu strolling over the vast ground of Hobetsu,” said Horita, 69.

Hadrosaurids were common herbivore dinosaurs during the late Cretaceous Period and thrived on the Eurasian and North and South American continents in addition to Antarctica, according to Hokkaido University.

Source: www.japantimes.co.jp

Unique in Palaeontology: Liquid Blood Found Inside a Prehistoric 42,000 Year Old Foal

Wednesday, April 17, 2019

Liquid blood in Ice Age foal. Picture: North-Eastern Federal University

Permafrost preserved the ‘oldest blood in the world’ boosting hopes of bringing extinct species back to life.

Semyon Grigoryev, head of the Mammoth Museum in Yakutsk, said today: ‘The autopsy shows beautifully preserved internal organs. 

‘Samples of liquid blood were taken from heart vessels - it was preserved in the liquid state for 42,000 years thanks to favourable burial conditions and permafrost. 

‘The muscle tissues preserved their natural reddish colour. 

‘We can now claim that this is the best preserved Ice Age animal ever found in the world.’ 

Dr Grigoryev revealed in an interview with TASS that the foal is in an exceptional condition without any visible damage. 

‘This is extremely rare for paleontological finds, because some of them are either incomplete, fragmented, with serious body deformations or strongly mummified,’ said the expert. 

‘The foal’s hair is intact on its head, legs and part of its body. 

‘Its tail and mane are black, the rest of the foal’s body is bay. 

‘Having preserved hair is another scientific sensation as all previous ancient horses were found without hair.’

The 42,000 years old foal. Pictures: North-Eastern Federal University

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

This is the second month of intense joint work of the Yakutian university team and scientists from South Korean Sooam Biotech Research Foundation.

‘Our studies showed that at the moment of death the foal was from one to two weeks old, so he was just recently born,’ said the scientist. 

‘As in previous cases of really well-preserved remains of prehistoric animals, the cause of death was drowning in mud which froze and turned into permafrost. 

‘A lot of mud and silt which the foal gulped during the last seconds of its life were found inside its gastrointestinal tract.’

Scientists have already indicated  that they are 'confident of success’ in extracting cells from this foal in order to clone its species - the extinct Lenskaya breed - back to life, as previously reported by The Siberian Times.

Work is so advanced that the team is reportedly choosing a mother for the historic role of giving birth to the comeback species. 

Michil Yakovlev, editor of the university’s corporate media, said: “Hopefully, the world will soon meet the clone of the ancient foal who lived 42,000 years ago.”

The foal was found in the Batagai depression in Yakutia.

An attempt to restore the species to life is seen as paving the way for a similar effort to restore to life the giant woolly mammoth.  

The same scientists are working on both projects.

The international team of scientists working in the laboratory of North-Eastern Federal University, the foal held by Semyon Grigoryev after it was found, the Batagai depression. Pictures: NEFU, The Siberian Times

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

The unique foal will become one of the key exhibits of one year long The Mammoth exhibition in Japan, starting in June this year. 

‘More than 30 exhibits from Yakutia will travel to the exhibition,’ said Dr Grigoryev. 

‘For the first time we’ll show the world’s only frozen woolly mammoth trunk, as well as the carcass of the Yukagir bison, an ancient partridge and the Batagai horse.’

Blood of Maloyakhovky mammoth found in 2013. Malolyakhovskiy mammoth ready for the trasportation. Modern-day Yakut horses. Pictures: NEFU, The Siberian Times

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Source: http://siberiantimes.com

Baby Tyrannosaurus Rex Fossil Goes on eBay for $2.95M, Sparks Outrage

Tuesday, April 16, 2019

A reconstruction of the bones of baby tyrannosaur Son of Sampson, which is on sale on eBay ALAN DETRICH

It’s astonishing what you can buy on eBay. An ongoing auction on the site offers buyers the chance to own what is claimed to be “maybe the only” juvenile Tyrannosaurus rex ever discovered for a whopping $2.95 million. Paleontologists have condemned the sale for boosting the price of scientifically valuable specimens, and also because a scientific institution—the University of Kansas (KU) Natural History Museum in Lawrence—displayed and promoted the specimen for more than a year.

The museum’s actions, which allegedly include studying the skeleton, may have inadvertently helped raise its commercial value, according to an open letter from the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology (SVP) in Bethesda, Maryland. A high price makes it less likely the fossil will be donated to a public collection, which means it may be effectively lost to science.

The 68-million-year-old skeleton—nicknamed Son of Sampson—was unearthed in 2013 on private land in Montana. Alan Detrich, who made the discovery with his brother, then approached the KU Natural History Museum with a proposal to loan the specimen.

Lower jaw of Son of Sampson. (Photo Credit: Alan Detrich / eBay)

Son of Sampson went on display at the museum in late 2017. According to Detrich, paleontologists connected with the museum then began to study it. Analysis of Son of Sampson’s limb proportions might inform the debate over whether small tyrannosaurs from North America are simply T. rex juveniles or should be recognized as a distinct group named Nanotyrannus.  

But paleontologists argue any research is of dubious merit unless the bones are permanently in a public repository and available for other scientists to study. “The issue here is reproducibility in science,” says Thomas Carr, a paleontologist who studies the growth of tyrannosaurs at Carthage College in Kenosha, Wisconsin.

He says his research is crippled by the fact that dozens of known T. rex skeletons are housed in private collections or commercial stock rooms. “There are about 34 specimens I’m aware of that I just cannot study,” he says.

David Polly, a paleontologist at Indiana University in Bloomington and a former president of SVP says displaying and examining Son of Sampson boosted awareness and interest in the specimen, with the museum display case effectively acting as a shop window. He argues that the museum’s actions could be interpreted as scientifically endorsing the specimen’s worth and calls the exhibition “a lapse of judgment.”

Leonard Krishtalka, the museum’s director, said in a statement that the museum “does not sell or mediate the sale of specimens to private individuals” and that the juvenile T. rex has been removed from exhibit and will be returned to Detrich. Krishtalka says he is unable to discuss the matter further because of legal concerns.

Left femur of Son of Sampson. (Photo Credit: Alan Detrich / eBay)

Detrich regrets his decision to launch the eBay auction without first informing the museum. “It could have been handled a lot better, and I take full responsibility,” he says. But he adds that no laws prevent private owners from selling their fossils, whether on eBay or elsewhere, or displaying their specimens in museums. (Detrich also produces religious artworks from fragments of fossils, some of which can be viewed on his website, spearofjesus.com).

Polly says SVP is all too aware that no laws block such sales or displays. He notes that another privately owned T. rex specimen is now on exhibit at the Natural History Museum in Berlin. That specimen has gained fame and earned its scientific stripes from being displayed, he says, also possibly raising its value.

It might be too late to save Son of Sampson for science, and Carr mourns the loss. But he says this particular specimen, which appears to be an incomplete skeleton with a shattered skull, may not be the best, despite Detrich’s claims that it is the only known juvenile T. rex.

“That’s just spin,” says Carr, who is convinced that all small specimens labeled Nanotyrannus are really T. rex juveniles. He suspects no one will be willing to pay $2.95 million for Son of Sampson. “The asking price is just absurd,” he says.  

Source: www.sciencemag.org

We’re Close to Pulling an Indoraptor with the Woolly Mammoth… But Should We?

Tuesday, April 16, 2019

Remember how Dr. Henry Wu, the same geneticist responsible for bringing T. rex back to life in Jurassic Park, spliced together genes from both the extinct predator and extant animals like frogs and cuttlefish to create the infinitely more vicious Indominus Rex in Jurassic World? And how he pushed the Indominus thing even further in Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom to spawn an Indoraptor that almost shredded humans and trashed an entire mansion?

Wu supposedly did this for science — and entertainment value. You can’t leave out the entertainment factor when you’re talking about creating the prima donna for a theme park that is supposed to make legions of visitors "ooh" and "aah" over resurrected species that clearly weren’t supposed to be there. But we might be edging towards that. Synthetic biologists of the Revive & Restore project may not be into killer reptiles (yet), but they are working on creating hybrid species by merging ancient and modern genomes.

Think Asian elephant DNA spliced with that of a woolly mammoth. That may not be such a fantastic idea.

Revive & Restore wants to re-populate what is known as the former “mammoth steppe” in Siberia with something as close to a mammoth as possible. The goal is supposedly to reintroduce a species that hasn’t been around since the Pleistocene Epoch to an ecosystem it hasn’t called its stomping grounds in 10,000 years. There is some uncertainty as to how the mammoth went extinct to begin with. Some think humans hunted it nearly to extinction, while others blame it on a seismic shift in climate.

What's haunting us is whether humans alive right now should be hybridizing a species extinct for aeons just because of guilt for our ancestors. That aside, some scientists believe resurrecting dead furry elephant-creatures will not only restore the ecosystem to what it once was, but teach us things we only could have learned otherwise with a time machine. Others argue that these are just excuses to show off what science can do but not necessarily what it should do. Wu’s Indominus Rex and Indoraptor were clearly hatched from that kind of mindset.

Then there is the whole issue of whether the ecosystem really will go back to what it was with the reemergence of something that may be better off extinct.

Beth Shapiro, evolutionary microbiologist at UC Santa Cruz and author of the book How To Clone a Mammoth: The Science of De-Extinction, is the type of scientist who would challenge the motives of the fictional Wu. She believes the technologies that are being used to resurrect animals that have been gone for way too long should instead go towards saving those on the edge of extinction. What about the white rhino? The Malayan tiger? The kakapo?

“We have these big brains that have allowed us to make flint technology and 747s and now CRISPR,” she told Gizmodo. “We can also use our big brains to think about consequences and think long-term. We have the capacity to plan for the future, so let’s do that.”

Forget a herd of mammoths; we’re we’re still far from replicating an entire mammoth cell, let alone an entire animal. But our own species ought to think twice before we unleash an Indomammoth.

via Gizmodo / www.syfy.com

Scotty: The Dinosaur Skeleton Which is a Contender for the Largest T. Rex Ever

Tuesday, April 16, 2019

Scotty vs Rexy

In March 2019, a Tyrannosaurus rex made headlines 66 million years after it had died. Was its skeleton the largest of its kind ever discovered?

Scotty skeleton

Dubbed "Scotty", the skeleton had been discovered in Saskatchewan, Canada. In fact, these bones had been unearthed decades before. They were found in 1991, by then-school teacher Robert Gebhardt, but were so deeply encased in sandstone that it has taken decades to painstakingly remove them. 

Until now, the largest T. rex skeleton known to science was that of "Sue". It was uncovered in South Dakota, USA, on 12 August 1990, by explorer and fossil collector Sue Hendrickson, after whom it was named. 

Sue Hendrickson, who discovered Sue the T. rex, poses with one foot of her supersized dino

On 4 October 1997, Sue's skeleton sold at auction for $8.3 million (£5.1 million) to The Field Museum in Chicago, Illinois, USA, becoming the most expensive dinosaur bones

Sue on display at The Field Museum in Chicago, Illinois, USA

So how do Scotty and Sue size up?  

Unfortunately, it's practically impossible to make a direct comparison, as the two specimens are not equally whole. Sue is approximately 90% complete, compared to 65% for Scotty – indeed, Sue is the most complete T. rex skeleton – comprising 250 of the 380 bones that the body would have featured. That also makes it possible to calculate this dinosaur's original size – 12.5 m (41 ft) long and 4 m (13 ft) tall at the hip – fairly precisely. 

Scotty's bones laid out on a silhouette to indicate what parts of the skeleton were recovered

From what we can tell, Scotty was probably slightly longer – perhaps up to 13 m (42 ft 7 in), according to the University of Alberta's Dr W Scott Persons, who led a study into calculating Scotty's dimensions. 

But scientists always allow a margin of error when comparing such ancient skeletons, and it's likely that it may not have been demonstrably longer or taller than Sue. The research estimates that Scotty weighed in the region of 8,870 kg (19,555 lb), around 410 kg (900 lb) heavier than Sue, which would make it the most massive T. rex ever discovered. (That's around two-and-a-half times the weight of a white rhino – the largest rhinoceros.) 

But again, by factoring in a degree of scientific leeway, Scotty may not have outweighed Sue by a significant amount. Longer dinosaurs weren't always heavier than shorter ones. 

"There are many different approaches to estimating dinosaur size," Dr Persons explains. "You could try making a scale model of what you think the dinosaur looked like in the flesh, directly calculate the mass of your model, and then scale your calculation up. You could create a 3D scan of the dinosaur's entire skeleton and model the flesh over it. 

"But that technique only works if you have a very complete skeleton (better for Sue than Scotty). Both of these approaches involve many assumptions about what the missing flesh would have been like."

Scotty faces off with Dr W Scott Persons of the University of Alberta, who led the study into calculating the T. rex's proportions

An alternative approach, and one adapted by Dr Persons and his team, is to estimate the animal's size based on the leg bones. "The legs of T. rex were the pillars that held the mighty dinosaur up. It makes sense that the girth of those pillars would correlate with the amount of weight they were adapted to support. 

"Based on the strength of Scotty's leg bones, we have calculated the dinosaur's weight at roughly 8,800 kg [19,400 lb]. But take that mass lightly, because such leg-based estimations are not an exact science. Perhaps Tyrannosaurus rex put extra pressure on its legs, because it frequently chased after fast prey. If so, its leg bones may be evolutionarily overengineered. So, our number could be off by a few tons!" 

Until palaeontologists reach a definitive and universally accepted decision, then, Guinness World Records (GWR) believes that Scotty and Sue should jointly share the title of largest T. rex skeleton

Dr Persons was delighted when we contacted him about the new joint record, adding: "I hope the honour will draw attention to the very cool work being done in the fossil-rich badlands of Saskatchewan. Excavating, cleaning and studying Scotty's enormous skeleton has been a correspondingly tremendous undertaking. 

"I am delighted to have been part of a huge team of researchers, volunteers and expert diggers that has dedicated years towards exhuming the dinosaur."

Dr Persons measuring one of Scotty's bones

Scotty and Sue may have male and female nicknames, but in reality scientists struggle to accurately determine dinosaur gender. "Determining the sex of prehistoric mammals is usually much easier," Dr Persons tells us. 

"Because most mammals give live birth, females tend to have diagnostically wider hips. But dinosaurs seem to have all been egg layers. Big dinosaurs, like T. rex, laid relatively small eggs, which required hip bones of no greater width or unique form."

Recently, palaeontologists have experimented with a different sexing technique, based on mother birds. When they're preparing themselves to produce eggs – the shells of which will need calcium – they produce a calcium-rich layer of bone ("medullary bone") inside thicker parts of their skeleton, such as the legs. None was found in Scotty. 

Telling a male and a female T. rex apart from just their bones is harder than you might think!

"Now, this does not prove that Scotty was a 'him'," acknowledges Dr Persons. "Unfortunately, medullary bone doesn't stick around for very long. It is only present at and near the time of egg laying. So, while the presence of medullary bone would prove that a dinosaur is female (because only females ever produce eggs), its absence only proves that the dinosaur wasn't pregnant when it died. 

"Scotty's gender identity remains ambiguous. And I'm cool with that." 

The name Tyrannosaurus rex literally means "tyrant lizard king", a reference to this apex predator's fearsome reputation. One of the largest prehistoric carnivores, it lived during the Late Cretaceous Period, 67–65 million years ago.

T. rex mainly populated forests and river plains in prehistoric North America, although in 2012 fossils of one of its ancestors, the feathered Yutyrannus huali, were discovered in north-eastern China. 

Recent research into the size and weight of T. rex suggests that it moved less speedily than previously thought, walking rather than running at around 19 km/h (12 mph) – although its prey was usually even slower. So that classic scene from Jurassic Park (USA, 1993) when the jeep is being chased probably had longer to get away from the pursuing dinosaur than we once thought! 

Our understanding of T. rex anatomy and behaviour has progressed quite a lot since the original Jurassic Park movie was released in 1993

By contrast, the fastest dinosaur was the ostrich-like Gallimimus, which scientists believe could maintain speeds of 60 km/h (35 mph). It would comfortably outpace Jamaica's Usain Bolt, who reached a top speed of 44.16 km/h (27.44 mph) during his record-breaking fastest 100 m run in 2009.  

T. rex had up to 60 conical, serrated teeth, each about the size of a banana, and could bite with a force of up to 57,000 N (12,814 lb/f) – the strongest land-animal bite ever. To put that in context, it's five times greater than the canine bite of a saltwater crocodile (the strongest caniniform bite force for a crocodile today). 

A close-up of T. rex teeth reveals their serrated edges

The "tyrant lizard king" mostly hunted herbivorous dinosaurs such as Triceratops and Edmontosaurus, although one study from 2010 also suggested that it willingly fed on its own kind as well. Given the need to eat whenever possible, it probably hunted live prey but also scavenged too. But there’s much that is still unclear about its dining habits – for example, whether it was a lone hunter or attacked in packs.  

While it may better known than most of its prehistoric peers, T. rex wasn't the largest carnivorous dinosaur. That title goes to Spinosaurus. Analysis of skull fragments suggests that it grew to 17 m (56 ft) in length and weighed up to 9 tonnes (19,850 lb). Indeed, Spinosaurus may well have been the largest terrestrial predator ever known.

Estimates of the maximum size of Spinosaurus suggest it would have just exceeded T. rex for the title of largest meat-eating dino

It would never have had a prehistoric face-off with the tyrant lizard king, though: by the time T. rex was stomping the Earth, Spinosaurus had been extinct for 10 million years.   

In evolutionary terms, T. rex didn't have long left either, though. Around 65.5 million years ago, a massive extinction event abruptly wiped out all the dinosaurs (except for the birds) along with about half of all animal species. 

Scotty and Sue must have been remarkably strong, and resilient, to live as long as they did. Both specimens were of a similar age when they died, although Dr Persons believes that Scotty edges it as the oldest known T. rex, perhaps having reached 30-plus years old. That makes them old for their species. 

Dinosaurs were constantly engaged in an often-violent struggle for survival and many didn't get past their first year. The bones of Scotty and Sue bear enough teeth marks to suggest that they'd each weathered plenty of attacks during their long lives. Scotty had poorly healed ribs, an infected jaw and possibly a tail bite from another T. rex

Life was tough in the Late Cretaceous, even for apex predators such as T. rex

It's unlikely that those injuries killed him, though. "They are old scars and all from battles the T. rex survived," Dr Persons says. "I cannot say what killed Scotty, that remains a mystery. Although I can tell you that Scotty's skeleton records none of the bite marks that would have been left by other carnivorous dinosaurs munching and gnawing on its bones. In the end, Scotty was not another dinosaur's meal."  

To date, some 50 partial T. rex skeletons have been discovered. But until a truly unprecedented specimen is discovered, these two tyrannosaurs remain GWR title holders as the largest of their kind. 

So how likely is it that we'll find an even larger, or more complete skeleton? 

"Very likely," Dr Persons affirms. "As a species, Tyrannosaurus rex roamed across the whole of western North America, for over a million years. I find it impossible to think that we have been so lucky as to discover the two largest individuals that ever lived. There must be even bigger (though probably just slightly) T. rex skeletons waiting to be found. 

"As Scotty illustrates, world records are made to be broken."

Source: www.guinnessworldrecords.com

Terrifying Toy: ‘Jurassic World’ T-Rex Pool Float

Sunday, April 14, 2019

Latest hybrid monster from the Jurassic park

The engineers InGen have gone too far this time. They have united T-Rex DNA using the DNA from many little aquatic species and flamingo pool fittings to make a barbarous (but compact), hybrid monster that is intended to accommodate an individual passenger and search for prey in swimming pools. What could possibly go wrong?

Not just that, the average Harry can select one of those Jurassic World T-Rex pool floats up in Fun.com for a price of $34.99 or even on Amazon for a price of $39.95.

No background check required. Be aware that “compact” really means approximately 70-inches long, that can be little for a T-Rex but rather enormous for a pool float. You will find several customer images on Amazon which will provide you a good notion of the scale. Grab one while you can and prepare to control the summertime swim season.

Destroy’N Devour Indominus Rex was the star of the series.

Jurassic Park Bashers and Biters Indominus Rex Figure (Multicolour)

On a related note, Mattel introduced their Jurassic World lineup for 2019 in New York Toy Fair last February, and also the Destroy’ N Devour Indominus Rex was undoubtedly the star of this series. That is not surprising given that Indominus contains buttons which permit the capacity, trigger sound effects, and pronounce the mouth and absorb 3 3/4 -inch characters. There is an LED at the throat which lights up so that you can watch the sufferer slide down Indominus’ throat. If this was not enough, there and slashing on results.

In other worlds, the Destroy’ N Devour Indominus Rex is the newest king of Mattel’s Jurassic World dinosaur toy lineup, also you are able to make this unholy abomination house beginning this May. You can buy it on Amazon.

You can get your toys here before it gets sold out.

Source: www.animatedtimes.com

Will Sam Neill Ever Return To Jurassic Park Franchise?

Sunday, April 14, 2019

Your very favorite Dr Alan Grant is the main character of Jurassic Park series and he excellently portrayed by Sam Neill  in the movie. He acted as a paleontologist who was invited to Jurassic Park.

Sam Neill appeared in four movies of the series and it is rumored that he will return to the series soon. It is not confirmed yet that he is going to feature in the film or not but there been a lot of cases when he was interacted with current Jurassic franchise stars.

He engaged in a twitter banter with lead Chris Pratt last year in which Pratt indicated that he would love  to work with him. So this is not the first time he paid a homage to the series. As he played Dr Alan Grant in the 1993 Jurassic Park debut, and he returned as the same character in 2001.

Will he reunite once again with the franchise like his co star Jeff Goldblum made a return in Fallen Kingdom. As Sam is currently working on the projects like Blackbird and Escape from Pretoria whose release dates are not confirmed yet but this clears the air that he is currently active in terms of his profession.

Recently he responded to the discovery of Black hole in a hilarious way. He took a shot regarding his movie Event Horizon in which storyline depicts the existence of Black Hole in the movie.

See the tweet below how he responded:-

 

Source: https://thedigitalwise.com

"Journey to the Beginning of Time" – Czechoslovakia’s 1950s Jurassic Park Digitally Remastered

Saturday, April 13, 2019

Journey to the Beginning of Time, photo: Archives of Karel Zeman's Museum

Sixty years after first being shown in cinemas, Karel Zeman’s time-travel adventure movie Journey to the Beginning of Time is set to grace cinema screens again. The film, along with a number of other of the director’s iconic works, has been fully restored through a collaborative effort.

There are few films that have had such an impact on multiple generations of Czech children as the Journey to the Beginning of Time.

Despite being made in 1955, when digital effects were still a term for the distant future, the film managed to recreate pre-historic worlds in a unique, enticing atmosphere, while also combining educational value with adventure.

The film’s story revolves around four teenage boys who take a rowboat along a "river of time". As they continue paddling they are gradually taken further back into the past, from the Quaternary and Mesozoic, all the way to the Silurian era, when multi-cellular life first started emerging on land.

Throughout their journey they run into famous ancient beasts such as mammoths, sabretooth cats, dinosaurs and trilobites. Often they are forced to make desperate escapes from wild animals back onto their boat, while carefully noting down their descent into prehistory based on the fauna and flora they encounter.

The film was the brainchild of director Karel Zeman, a master of special effects and animation. He once said that while making the film he had to hold his directorial instincts back to provide space for a scientific narrative, while also keeping the art realistic.

Yet somehow this line between realism and adventure was perfectly blended together. It offered viewers a version of living and breathing prehistoric life decades before worldwide hits such as Jurassic Park and Walking with Dinosaurs took to the screens.

The director’s daughter, Ludmila Zemanová, an accomplished artist herself, told Czech Radio that she gained a whole new appreciation of his input in the film while writing a book about his work years later.

“Because I was also writing a book on my father at the time, I suddenly realised how deeply each aspect was thought out. There is an excellent idea behind all of it.

“The film is also very well supported by good writing and art. My father wanted the movie to enrich the viewer, to make him more knowledgeable.”

That it also had the desired effect can be seen in the case of Josef Pšenička, a palaeontologist at the Museum of West Bohemia, whose fascination for ancient species was first kindled through a childhood viewing.

“I was in my fourth class at elementary school and my sister was tasked with taking care of me because my parents were away for the day. A few days earlier I had seen the film Journey to the Beginning of Time and it made a massive impression on me of course.

“I thought it would be amazing to see some trilobites, so my sister took me to an area around my hometown of Radnice called Biskoupky and I found my first trilobite there. I was really excited and that is how my career basically started.”

Journey to the Beginning of Time, photo: Archives of TV Barrandov

The movie quickly became very popular and would go on to win awards at international film festivals in Venice and Mannheim.

Furthermore, Karel Zeman’s work left a lasting impression on many famous directors including Steven Spielberg and Tim Burton.

The late Vladimir Bejval, who played one of the four boys, told Radio Prague that studies of the Czechoslovak director’s sets were used in film schools.

“When the brontosaurus or dinosaur came from here to here, it took him six hours. It was a piece of art and until now in the United States and Canada they show this movie to students and say, this is a piece of art."

Aside from recreating prehistoric beasts and landscapes, Karel Zeman, who is also often dubbed the Czech Méliès, managed to make the science-fiction books of Julies Verne come alive.

Movies such as The Stolen Airship and Invention for Destruction were both based on the works of the French author and Mr. Zeman made sure to keep the visual art of the films close to the original illustrations in Verne’s books.

Many of them create the impression of a moving set of Victorian line engravings.

This unique artistic signature, as well as the international renown of many of his works, has made it easier to restore the director’s films, says Ondřej Beránek from the Karel Zeman Museum, which took part in the restoration project together with the foundation Nadace české bijáky and Czech Television.

“We fully restored Invention for Destruction, The Fabulous Baron Munchausen and Journey to the Beginning of Time. Precisely because we have restored these films, there is a great interest in them again.

“It is standard practice worldwide to restore films before they are shown again at festivals and on TV screens.

Karel Zeman, photo: Archives of Karel Zeman's Museum

“Thanks to Karel Zeman being a big name in world cinematography, it has been possible to get these films back into distribution in France, Britain, Japan and now the USA, where his work has been placed in the Criterion Collection, a selection of the best in cinema.”

It was not an easy process. Restorers first wanted to find the original film negative that they could use, but could not find it anywhere.

This led them to search for alternative copies. Just as they were about to start their work however, the original appeared out of the blue, says Ivo Marák, executive producer of post-production studio UPP, which was in charge of the restoration.

“After a year, we ended up switching to plan A again, because we found the original, so we had to start from scratch. We found it in the National Film Archive, but how it actually got there, we were unable to find out.”

Now, after years of restoration work, the title is finally headed into cinemas again. The public premier will take place on the April 25 and a Blu-Ray version is also available for purchase.

Source: www.radio.cz

Mattel Jurassic World Uno Card Game only $5.39

Saturday, April 13, 2019

Uno Attack Jurassic World from Mattel

The Mattel Jurassic World Uno Card Game with super customer reviews is only $5.39 (reg. $10) with this deal at Amazon right now!

Description: This is the perfect card game for Jurassic World fans. The cards feature dinosaurs and characters from the movies and plays just like the classic Uno game.

This Jurassic World Uno Card Game is usually $10 and is on sale for only $5.39 at Amazon.com HERE!

Amazon sale prices change often so this price may not be available for long.

FREE SHIPPING: Amazon offers free standard shipping on orders over $25. If you have Amazon Prime you will get 2-Day free shipping. Get a 30-Day free trial of Prime at Amazon.com HERE.

Additional Free Trials & Membership Deals

Amazon Music 30-Day Free Trial

Amazon is offering a 30-Day Free Trial of Amazon Music Unlimited! This on-demand service allows users access to tens of millions of songs and hands-free listening. You can cancel at any time.

See all the details of this offer at Amazon.com HERE!

Amazon Kindle Unlimited 30-Day Free Trial

Amazon is offering a 30-day FREE trial to their Kindle Unlimited service with unlimited reading and unlimited listening on any device. You don't even have to have a Kindle to use the service.

With Kindle Unlimited, you have access to over 1 million titles including books, current magazines, audiobooks and more!

See all the details about this 30-Day Free Trial at Amazon.com HERE!

Audible 30-Day Free Trial

Amazon is offering a 30-day FREE trial of their Audible digital audiobooks service for Prime members and non-members!

With Audible, you can listen anytime and anywhere to the world's largest selection of digital audiobooks and spoken word content. Plus you get 2 free audiobooks and 2 Audible Originals to get you started. Plus, you can cancel at anytime.

See all the details of this offer at Amazon.com HERE.

Amazon FreeTime Unlimited 30-Day Free Trial

FreeTime Unlimited is an all-in-one subscription that gives kids access to thousands of kid-friendly books, movies, TV shows, educational apps, and games on compatible Fire, Android, iOS and Kindle devices. Plus, kids can enjoy hundreds of hours of fun with ad-free radio stations and playlists, Audible books, and a growing list of premium kid’s skills available on compatible Echo devices.

Parents also receive access to easy-to-use parental controls that allow them to find the right balance between education and entertainment. Parents can personalize screen time limits, set educational goals, filter age-appropriate content, and also manage web browsing and content usage based on their preferences.

See all the details of this offer at Amazon.com HERE.

CBS All Access 7-Day Free Trial

Prime Members can sign up for a free 7-day trial of the CBS All Access with Prime Video Channels at Amazon.com HERE.

Amazon Prime 30-Day Free Trial

If you have been considering an Amazon Prime Membership, you can try it out for FREE for 30 days!

With Amazon Prime you get unlimited FREE two-day shipping (no minimum order size), thousands of movies and TV episodes to watch instantly, Kindle books to borrow, and early access to Lightning Deals and Black Friday deals.

You can get a 30-Day free membership when you sign up at Amazon.com HERE.

Amazon Prime for Students 6-Month Free Trial

Amazon is offering a 6 month FREE trial of Amazon Prime for students!

Get unlimited FREE Two-Day Shipping (with no minimum order size), exclusive deals and promotions for college students, instant access to thousands of movies and TV shows at no additional cost, free unlimited photo storage, early access to Lightning Deals and more.

See all the details of this offer at Amazon.com HERE!

Source: www.wral.com

Pages