nandi's blog

‘Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom’: Watch the First Trailer

Friday, December 8, 2017

‘Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom’: Watch the First Trailer

On Thursday, the prehistoric death trap of Jurassic World beckoned visitors back with a new trailer during Thursday Night Football.

“Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom” is the sequel to “Jurassic World,” Colin Trevorrow’s 2015 reboot of the “Jurassic Park” franchise. Chris Pratt and Bryce Dallas Howard reprise their roles as Owen and Claire, and Jeff Goldblum’s return as Ian Malcolm from the original film.

“These creatures were here before us,” Goldblum says in the new footage. “And if we’re not careful, they’re gonna be here after us.”

teaser trailer was released on Sunday, which showed Owen and Claire running amid a stampede of dinosaurs as the island of Isla Nublar erupted around them in volcanic flames and smoke. On Tuesday, another teaser was released featuring Pratt and Howard trying to upload the trailer during a raptor attack and contained many references to the original “Jurassic Park” film.

Trevorrow previously teased fans with footage of Owen interacting with a young Velociraptor.

J.A. Bayona is directing “Fallen Kingdom,” which also stars Justice Smith, James Cromwell, and Toby Jones. Trevorrow, who helmed “Jurassic World,” wrote the script for the sequel with Derek Connolly. The executive producers are Steven Spielberg and Trevorrow. Producers are Frank Marshall and Pat Crowley, along with Bayona’s producing partner Belén Atienza.

“Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom” is set to release on June 22, 2018.

The Best Dinosaur Museums in the U.S.

Wednesday, December 6, 2017

The Best Dinosaur Museums in the U.S.

Natural history museums across the country are full of spectacular dinosaur fossils. But they’re usually set behind velvet ropes and glass walls, to keep small children (and their sticky fingers) at bay. If your pint-sized paleontologists are eager to get more up close and personal with their favorite giant lizards, here are a few places to explore.

Dinosaur National Monument
Colorado, Utah

Littered with dinosaur bones, the 210,000 acres of this glorious national park are a junior paleontologist’s dream. The Fossil Discovery Trail, which reopens April 1, allows visitors to see dinosaur bones naturally exposed in a cliff wall. The park also has Junior Ranger and Junior Paleontology programs available for children at no cost. Kids receive booklets of age-appropriate activities and are given a Junior Ranger or Junior Paleontologist badge upon completion.


Wyoming Dinosaur Center
Thermopolis, Wyoming

Kids can dig for fossils on the 500-acre Warm Springs Ranch, where the dino center is located. Sediments here are from the Late Jurassic—meaning they are more than 140 million years old. These hold many of the most famous dinosaurs: Allosaurus, Apatosaurus (also known as Brontosaurus), Camarasaurus, Diplodocus, and Stegosaurus. Eight- to 12-year-olds can go on a daylong, guided Kids’ Dig in a nearby canyon to look for fossils. Bones from apatosaurs, barosaurs, and six other species have been uncovered. Children of any age can take part in family digs. The center exhibits 30 full-size dinosaur mounts and has the only skeleton of an Albertaceratops (a horn-faced, plant-eating dino) on display in the world.


Dinosaur World
Plant City, Florida
Cave City, Kentucky
Glen Rose, Texas

Kids can clamber on top of dinosaur replicas at the three outdoor museums of Dinosaur World. The park has a walking trail with more than 150 life-size casts of dinosaurs, as well as several sculptures to play on. Nearby signs explain the names of the dinosaurs and offer interesting facts about them. Tucked among a lush assortment of native vegetation, the dinosaurs are so lifelike that some visitors have claimed to see them moving. The parks also offer classes, birthday parties, and digs (kids can keep the fossils they find!).


The Academy of Natural Sciences
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

A giant Tyrannosaurus rex greets visitors to this museum, which has a lab where kids can watch scientists prepping dinosaur fossils. Skeletons of more than 30 species are on display in the Dinosaur Hall and a hands-on exhibit allows kids to dig for dino bones. On the third weekend in February the Academy hosts the annual Paleopalooza, a weekend filled with crafts, fossil hunts, dino tours, and games. Children can also talk with real paleontologists.


Dinosaur State Park
Rocky Hill, Connecticut

This state park is home to one of the largest dinosaur track sites in North America, which includes early Jurassic footprints made 200 million years ago. Five hundred of the tracks are enclosed within the Exhibit Center’s geodesic dome and another 1,500 are buried for preservation. The tracks were discovered in 1966 when the area was excavated. Guided walks, dinosaur arts and crafts, and an outdoor scavenger hunt are also available.


The Field Museum
Chicago, Illinois

If there’s one dinosaur your kid absolutely has to see at a museum, it’s Sue, the largest, most complete, and best-preserved Tyrannosaurus rex skeleton in the world. The 42-foot-long, 67-million-year-old dinosaur (named after the paleontologist who found her) is on display here. If that’s not enough for your little ones, they can participate in Dozin’ with the Dinos, a program that allows kids to have a sleepover with Sue and her friends. The evening includes tours and activities and sleeping under the belly of the beast.


Sources: /

Teaser Trailer of ‘Jurassic Park: Fallen Kingdom’ Sets Prequel to Trailer

Wednesday, December 6, 2017

Teaser Trailer of ‘Jurassic Park: Fallen Kingdom’ Sets Prequel to Trailer

Teaser trailer of the American movie ‘Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom’ has been released by Universal Pictures as a sequel to $1.6 grossing Jurassic World. J.A Bayona is directing the movie.

The story revolves around Chris Patt and Bryce Dallas Howard finding new dinosaurs to encounter who are more fiery and dangerous than the last time they were on-screen.

Dinosaurs aren’t the only things that they are trying to escape but an erupting volcano is also one of the big concerns.

The 15 second teaser trailer is set to get all the fans together as the trailer is going to be released on Thursday December 7.

The sequel reveals stars James Cromwell, ted Levine, Geraldine Chaplin, Justice Smith, Toby Jones, Rafe Spall and BD Wong.

They’re joined by a host of newcomers, including Toby Jones, Rafe Spall, Justice Smith, Daniella Pineda, Ted Levine, Geraldine Chaplin, and James Cromwell.

Jeff Goldblum, who starred in the original 1993 Jurassic Park and its 1997 sequel The Lost World: Jurassic Park will make his long-awaited return to the series as quirky chaos theory mathematician Dr Ian Malcolm.

Scientists Essentially Just Created a New Life Form

Saturday, December 2, 2017

There’s a pretty clear dividing line in the scientific community between those who belief that Jurassic Park is a cautionary tale, and those who think that instead, the movie is something to aspire to.

After all, the real mistake in the original Jurassic Park was not investing in a better IT support team.

A group of scientists, no doubt inspired by the actions of the fictional John Hammond, have created a brand new synthetic set of instructions that can survive harmoniously within DNA. The result is an E. Coli cell that contains genetic coding which has been designed by a human, and which could lead to scientists being able to design and grow organic life forms that are completely of our own design.


According lead scientist Floyd Romesburg, “I would not call this a new life form—but it’s the closest thing anyone has ever made.”

Essentially, the scientists have bio-engineered a pair of amino acids that can be spliced into existing DNA strands within a cell, dramatically changing the coding within a cell in order to make a wholly original creation.

This is very different from recent experiments to repair DNA within patients who suffer from genetic diseases, because instead of simply correcting a mistake within a person’s genetic code, this process involved inventing a completely original set of instructions through the use of a lab-made protein.

Initially, this has been tested on E.Coli, a bacteria with a very different genetic structure to humans, so this can’t be used to make the X-Men a reality just yet.

Whether fiddling around with their genetic makeup or blasting them into space, scientists love experimenting with E.Coli essentially because it’s easy to keep track of simple organisms as they adapt in different environments—even if it does often run the risk of accidentally creating a dangerous zombie plague.

Rather than using this technology to create the Indominus Rex of E.Coli strains, scientists are hoping that their synthetic DNA will be useful in developing new kinds of drugs that will be more effective thanks to their being specifically tailored to help with human health concerns.

As antibiotic-resistant diseases continue to grow and thrive, modern medicine needs a way to avoid seeing all penicillin becoming utterly useless in the face of human-bred germs that laugh at our most powerful medicines.

While progress has been made towards perfecting this technology, there are still some drawbacks, so it’ll still be a while before scientists are able to synthesize a cure for the Common Cold.

The biggest problem with this process of creating new life is that the synthetic strands of DNA can only be produced in a laboratory, which means that scientists can’t set them going within cells and expect them to multiply naturally.

Until this problem is solved, it’s going to be a long wait for someone to finally make the dream of owning a pet Velociraptor a reality.


‘Evolutionary Dead End’: Extinct ‘Stilt’ Horse Named for Canadian

Saturday, December 2, 2017

Haringtonhippus francisci

A newly-discovered branch of the horse family has been named after the Canadian who first studied its remains in the Yukon, where it lived until the end of the last ice age.

Close study of the North American stilt-legged horse has revealed that the ice age-era mammal was an “evolutionary dead end” in the horse family, which developed through the Equus genus to spawn modern-day horses, asses and zebras. The taller, thinner stilt-legged horse lived up until approximately 17,000 years ago and died out entirely after the last ice age, according to the new study published in the journal eLife.

The study authors have officially classified the stilt-legged horse as a separate genus from the Equus, based on differences observed at the DNA level. The stilt-legged horse was first described in the 1970s by Canadian paleontologist Richard Harington, but was thought at the time to be related to the Asiatic wild ass or onager.

The new genus has been dubbed Haringtonhippus francisci, after Harington. Harington did not work on the new study, but the study’s authors say they named the new genus after him as a tribute to his groundbreaking work on the ancient animal.

“I am delighted to have this new genus named after me,” Harington, emeritus curator of quaternary paleontology at the Canadian Museum of Nature, said in a news release from the study authors.

Co-author Grant Zazula said the discovery would not have been possible without Harington’s “life-long dedication” to studying the stilt-legged horse in Canada’s North.

“There is no other scientist who has had greater impact in the field of ice age paleontology in Canada than Dick,” Zazula, a paleontologist with the Yukon government, said in the news release.

A connection that goes way, way back

The discovery is expected to shake up long-held theories that horse evolution was fairly straightforward, by demonstrating that a divergent branch of the family tree emerged some 4-6 million years ago before dying out.

“The horse family, thanks to its rich and deep fossil record, has been a model system for understanding and teaching evolution,” first study author Peter Heintzman, of UC Santa Cruz, said in the news release. “Now, ancient DNA has rewritten the evolutionary history of this iconic group.”

The study authors say the Equus and Haringtonhippus genuses thrived alongside one another in North America, although they did not interbreed. They co-existed with such large ice-age mammals as the woolly mammoth and the sabre-toothed cat, which also died out when the glaciers receded. The North American Equus and Haringtonhippus died out around the same time, but the Equus survived though a number of ancient horses that remained in Eurasia.

The stilt-legged horse discovery was made based on DNA taken from fossils in the Yukon’s Klondike gold fields, as well as from Natural Trap Cave in Wyoming and Gypsum Cave in Nevada.


Fluffy Four-Winged Creature Resembling a Muppet Is Actually a Dinosaur

Saturday, December 2, 2017


anchiornis fAnchiornis had feathers whose barbs didn’t zip together like modern birds’ feathers.

The researchers got lucky with their Anchiornis specimen, which died under conditions that left its feathers separated from the body before they were fossilized. Using high-resolution imaging equipment to examine it, they were able to determine what function the strange feathers served.

They certainly weren’t good for flying. The researchers write that the fluffy feathers probably didn’t afford Anchiornis much protection from water or cold temperatures and furthermore, may have increased aerodynamic drag as it glided through the air. Additionally, since the barbs on the feathers didn’t zip together, they couldn’t have been used for flying anyway.

To compensate, Anchiornis had four wings as well as multiple rows of feathers that could have helped provide some aerodynamic lift.


Anchiornis and its previously undescribed contour feather.

The new paper, which presents a new illustration of how Anchiornis may have behaved in its habitat, builds on previous research that identified the color of this dinosaur, as well as the fact that its wings had multiple layers of feathers. The illustration, drawn by scientific illustrator Rebecca Gelernter depicts Anchiornisclimbing a branch — not perching like a bird, as past illustrations have. This illustration represents not just a culmination of multiple studies on the dinosaur, but also a little bit of imagination.

“Paleoart is a weird blend of strict anatomical drawing, wildlife art, and speculative biology. The goal is to depict extinct animals and plants as accurately as possible given the available data and knowledge of the subject’s closest living relatives,” said Gelernter in a statement.

“As a result of this study and other recent work, this is now possible to an unprecedented degree for Anchiornis. It’s easy to see it as a living animal with complex behaviours, not just a flattened fossil.”


Ankara’s New Mayor Removes Gökçek’s Controversial Dinosaur Statue

Saturday, December 2, 2017

Ankara’s New Mayor Removes Gökçek’s Controversial Dinosaur Statue

A controversial three-meter high, 10-meter long dinosaur statue, which had greeted Ankara residents at a main road intersection from 2015, was quietly removed on the morning of Nov. 27 upon the instructions of new Ankara Mayor Mustafa Tuna.

Since coming to office in November, Tuna has moved to erase some of the more eccentric traces of previous Ankara Mayor Melih Gökçek.

Officials from the Ankara Greater Municipality completed the removal of the statue early on Nov. 27 and transferred it to storage. Last week, a large and equally contentious fountain in front of the Ankara Greater Municipality building was also removed.

Gökçek, who first became mayor in 1994, was forced to resign in late October by President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, the head of the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP). Tuna, who had been the mayor of the capital’s Sincan district, was elected by the municipality chamber in early November.

The dinosaur statue was installed at the road intersection to replace a controversial Transformers-esque robot in early 2015, as part of promotion for a new theme park, AnkaPark, which Gökçek had described as a “prestige project.”

Gökçek installed several dinosaur statues at the planned amusement park, reportedly costing a total of 9 million Turkish Liras ($2,250,000).

The construction of the park was partly halted after a court ruling declared it illegal following an objection by the Ankara Chamber of Architects.

Tuna has suggested that a referendum could be held in the Turkish capital to decide on the fate of the AnkaPark.


Scientist Finds Microfossils In India That Are 2 Billion Years Old

Saturday, December 2, 2017

Scientist Finds Microfossils In India That Are 2 Billion Years Old

A geologist in India found “prokaryotic” microfossils that are considered to be 2 billion years old. Microfossils are a group of small fossil remains that can only be studied microscopically. It can either be a part of a larger organism or a whole minute organism. Microfossils are said to be the most important group of fossils.

Naresh Ghose, a Bengaluru-based geologist, first discovered the microfossils in a carbonaceous shale in central India. Ghose, who is also a former geology professor at Patna University, reported his findings at the Indian Geological Congress in Nagpur, an annual convention for Indian scientific discoveries.

“The present study reports for the first time the presence of “organogenic” microfossils—derived from living organisms—in black shale immediately underlying the volcanic rock of the Gwalior basin,” Ghose said at the convention, according to Doonwire. “Therefore, the microfossils (Prokaryotic-RNA cell) in the Gwalior basin may be regarded as the confirmed oldest existence of life dated about 2,000 million years ago ever to be recorded from the Indian subcontinent.”

Prokaryotic microfossils consist of the remains of bacteria, fungi, plants, planktons and animals. They are considered to be the earliest indicator of life’s existence on the planet. The small fossil, which is smaller than one millimeter in length, are comprised of carbonates and a combination of iron-bearing material.

“This important discovery was made using a simple and inexpensive device like a microscope without the aid of any sophisticated instrument,” Ghose said, according to the New Indian Express. “The USA is utilizing black shale as an alternative source for hydrocarbons and is a leading exporter due to its technological advancement.”

Microfossils have also proven to be very crucial in the fields of geology, biology and paleontology.

“Billions of dollars have been made on the basis of microfossil studies,” an article published to the University of California Museum of Paleontology’s website claimed. “Because they usually occur in huge numbers in all kinds of sedimentary rocks, they are the most abundant and most easily accessible fossils.”

In May, the world’s oldest microfossil was previously found in Quebec, Canada, by a group of researchers from the University College London. The research team initially considered the microfossils to be about 4.3 billion years old. The microfossil would have emerged more than 200 millions years ahead of when the earth first formed.

An Indian geologist discovered a microfossil that is said to be 2 billion years old. A paleontologist is pictured uncovering a fossil in central Bulgaria on June 07, 2017. Photo: Getty Images



Kansas to Open $6.5 Million Dinosaur Theme Park

Saturday, December 2, 2017

Kansas to Open $6.5 Million Dinosaur Theme Park

A $6.5 million dinosaur theme park is expected to open next year in southern Kansas.

The 14-acre theme park is scheduled to open in the Wichita suburb of Derby with more than 30 life-size animatronic dinosaurs, The Wichita Eagle reported . Featured dinosaurs will include a Tyrannosaurus rex, Triceratops and Stegosaurus.

The park will be set up like a scientific expedition, said the park’s executive director Guy Gsell. Visitors will be able to dig for fossils, walk past the life size dinosaur models and participate in events, he said.

Kansas was a fitting location for the park because the state has a long history with modern paleontology, Gsell said.

“Kansas is like the birthplace of modern paleontology,” Gsell said. “You had your Bone Wars here, your most famous discoverers were here. Paleontology as a science should resonate with Kansas.”

Private financing and money from Sales Tax Revenue bonds are funding the project. The bonds are meant to incentivize businesses to create destinations to attract out-of-state visitors.

“Wichita has so many science attractions — Exploration Place, the Sedgwick County Zoo, the Kansas Aviation Museum, Tanganyika Wildlife Park,” Gsell said. “We think this is a great place for family science tourism, which is exactly what I do. We think this creates synergy for a number of top notch science attractions.”

The park is expected to open on Memorial Day. Gsell said ticket prices will likely be about $15 per person, though there will be specials, group rates and season tickets.

Derby officials plan to use additional bond money to develop a hospital, hotel, restaurants and retail shops.




‘Jurassic World 2’ Reveals First Footage Showing Chris Pratt, Baby Dinosaur

Saturday, December 2, 2017

In honor of the Thanksgiving holiday, one of the minds behind the upcoming sequel to “Jurassic World” has gifted fans with the very first footage of the new film.

The brief five-second clip of “Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom” was shared on Wednesday by producer and co-writer Colin Trevorrow, who diehard fans may know as the director of the 2015 return to the land of genetically manufactured dinosaurs. The clip shows Chris Pratt’s character, Owen, returning to greet what looks like a new baby raptor, similar to the blue one he befriended in the first movie.

“From our Jurassic family to yours,” Trevorrow wrote on Twitter before tagging stars Pratt, Bryce Dallas Howard, producer Frank Marshall and “Fallen Kingdom” director J.A. Boyana.

Details about the sequel are scarce and fans are still waiting for both official plot details and a complete trailer. However, Entertainment Weekly notes that details such as the cast, which includes original franchise star Jeff Goldblum, have been revealed. In addition to Pratt, Howard and Goldblum, Ted Levine, Rafe Spall, Toby Jones, Geraldine Chaplin, Daniella Pineda and Justice Smith will help round out the sequel’s leads.

Previously, the outlet reports that Trevorrow told the crowd at the Sitges Film Festival in Spain that the dinosaurs will be used as a metaphor for the treatment of animals in lab and zoo settings.